Celebrating Black History.
Leadership and Arts Coalition honors the contributions of African Americans to U.S. history. Black History Month celebration began as "Negro History Week" created in 1926 by
Carter G.Woodson. Carter G. Woodson was an African-American writer and historian known as the "Father of Black History". Woodson is known as the renowned author of the book "The Mis-Education of the Negro". Carter G.Woodson was the second African-American to receive a doctorate from Harvard, after W.E.B. Du Bois.
John Mercer Langston was the first black man to become a lawyer when he passed the bar in Ohio in 1854. He was elected to the post of Town Clerk for Brownhelm, Ohio, in 1855 Langston became one of the first African-Americans ever elected to public office in America. John Mercer Langston was also the great-uncle of Langston Hughes, famed poet of the Harlem Renaissance.
Toni Morrison was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1993 for her body of work. She was the first African-American author to win that prestigious honor.
In 1861, Harriett Jacobs became the first autobiography published by a female former slave. The book described the sexual exploitation that all too often added to the oppression of slavery for black women.
Meta Warrick Fuller, who became the first black woman to receive a federal commission for her art. Fuller's works including the sculpture "Ethiopia Awakening" in 1914 anticipated the resurgence of African themes in the art of the Harlem Renaissance.
Chicago native Gwendolyn Brooks, whose work dealt with everyday life in black urban communities, became the first African-American poet to win the Pulitzer Prize.
Woodsey Thomas became the first African-American woman to have a solo exhibit of her paintings at the Whitney Museum.
Artists and writers played an active role in the civil rights movement in the late 1950's and 1960's.